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Below are a series of pairs of events. Your challenge is simply to say which of each pair happened first. Try to answer as many as possible without resorting to The Google.

  • ARPAnet or Ethernet?

  • “Go To Statement Considered Harmful” (Dijkstra) or the IBM System/360?

  • The first instance of the same program being run on different computers from different vendors and producing the same result or Etch A Sketch?

  • Gary Kildall creates the BIOS for CP/M or Cray delivers the first Cray-1 supercomputer?

  • Tron (the original movie) or C++?

  • Microsoft releases Windows or Apple “releases” Steve Jobs?

  • The C Programming Language (K&R) or VisiCalc?

  • Buck Rogers or Flash Gordon?

  • The patenting of the integrated circuit or the first legal article on computer law?

  • The Mosaic browser or Apple’s HyperCard?

  • The birth of Fortran or the birth of William Henry Gates III?

  • PHP or Ruby?

  • The UNIVAC 1 or The Day the Earth Stood Still?

  • The Soul of a New Machine (Tracy Kidder) or Thinking Machines Corporation (Danny Hillis)?

  • Forth or The Art of Computer Programming Volume I: Fundamental Algorithms (Knuth)?

  • Extreme Programming or Extreme Sports’ X Games?

  • Tinkertoys or the use of magnetic tape for computer storage?

  • The Shell Sort or color television?

  • Yahoo or XML?

Answer to Last Month’s Quiz

Last month we presented a Sudoku puzzle with a twist—it used letters instead of digits and hidden within it was the name of a well-known person in personal computer history. The hidden name is Jef Raskin, in row 3:

IAN
RKS
JEF
FKE
JNI
RAS
RSJ
AFE
KIN
FNE
SIK
ARJ
KIR
AEJ
SFN
SJA
FNR
EKI
NFI
EJA
KSR
ERK
ISF
NJA
JAS
NRK
IEF