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# Making Choices

1.

a. `True`
a. `NameError`
a. `True`
a. `True`
a. `True`

2.

a. `x and y`
b. `not x`
c. `x or y`

3.

`(full or empty) and not (full and empty)`

4. Yes. If you try substituting all possible Boolean values for `(light < 0.01)`, which we’ll abbreviate as L, and `(temperature > 0.0)` as T, you’ll find the following Boolean expressions are logically equivalent:

`L` `T` ` L != T ` ` L or T and not (L and T) `
True True False False
True False True True
False True True True
False False False False

5.

`result = abs(x) == x`

6.

```def different(a, b):
""" (number, number) -> bool

Return True if a and b refer to the same values, or False, otherwise.

>>> different(0, 1)
True
>>> different(1, 1)
False
"""
return a != b
```

7.

a.
```if population < 10000000:
print(population)
```
b.
```if population >=; 10000000 and population <= 35000000:
print(population)
```
Note: the solution above is inclusive, because it includes 10000000 and 35000000. The solution below is exclusive:
```if population >; 10000000 and population < 35000000:
print(population)
```
c.
```if (population / land_area) > 100:
print('Densely populated')
```
d.
```if (population / land_area) > 100:
print('Densely populated')
else:
print('Sparsely populated')
```

8.

```def convert_temperatures(t, source, target):
""" (number, str, str) -> number

Convert t from source temperature scale to target temperature scale
and return the result.

>>> convert_temperatures(0, 'Celsius', 'Kelvin')
273.15
>>> convert_temperatures(100, 'Celsius', 'Fahrenheit')
212.0
"""
if source == 'Kelvin':
celsius = t - 273.15
elif source == 'Celsius':
celsius = t
elif source == 'Fahrenheit':
celsius = (t - 32) * 5 / 9
elif source == 'Rankine':
celsius = (t - 491.67) * 5 / 9
elif source == 'Delisle':
celsius = 100 - t * 2 / 3
elif source == 'Newton':
celsius = t * 100 / 33
elif source == 'Reamur':
celsius = t * 5 / 4
elif source == 'Romer':
celsius = (t - 7.5) * 40 / 21
if target == 'Kelvin':
return celsius + 273.15
elif target == 'Celsius':
return celsius
elif target == 'Fahrenheit':
return celsius * 9 / 5 + 32
elif target == 'Rankine':
return (celsius + 273.15) * 9 / 5
elif target == 'Delisle':
return (100 - celsius) * 3 / 2
elif target == 'Newton':
return celsius * 33 / 100
elif target == 'Reamur':
return celsius * 4 / 5
elif target == 'Romer':
return celsius * 21 / 40 + 7.5
```

10. a. `It's acidic!` b. `It's acidic!` c.

```ph = float(input("Enter the ph level: "))
if ph < 7.0:
print("It's acidic!")
if ph < 4.0:
print("It's a strong acid!")
```
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