Published: January 2014
The rapid evolution of web apps demands innovative solutions: this survey of frameworks and their unique perspectives will inspire you and get you thinking in new ways to meet the challenges you face daily.
This book covers seven web frameworks that are influencing modern web applications and changing web development: Sinatra, CanJS, AngularJS, Ring, Webmachine, Yesod, Immutant. Each of these web frameworks brings unique and powerful ideas to bear on building apps.
Seven Web Frameworks will influence your work, no matter which framework you currently use.
Welcome to a wider web.
Why did you decide to write this book?
Jack: There are countless ways to solve problems, and programmers everywhere are discovering new techniques and building new languages in an effort to find better solutions. There are so many diverse ideas in all areas of programming, and having stumbled upon a few really eye opening ones over the years, I’ve wanted to share them with others.
There’s no one way to build a web app, and no two projects of mine have ever been built the same way. Web programming is unique in having hundreds of available frameworks and libraries; traditional GUI programming tends to have very few choices. With so many possibilities—none of them perfect—I wanted to expose the most interesting ideas and techniques I’ve found to a wider audience.
Fred: Programming in general and web development in particular evolves at a fantastic pace. I felt that this book was an excellent opportunity to break out of the mainstream and explore new ideas and discover different approaches to web development.
The goal with these frameworks is not to compare them which each other and pick which one to use for your next project. Rather, this book serves as a neatly organized exploration of frameworks that offer unique solutions to web development.
Why did you pick these seven frameworks?
Jack: Our goal was to pick frameworks that had unique and powerful ideas rather than just ones that were enjoying their moment in the spotlight. We explore minimalism, composition, static typing, state machines, declarative syntax, and more in the book.
In some cases, the frameworks we chose originated the ideas we wanted to explore, and in others, the framework is just the clearest example. We also tried to pick a set of frameworks that didn’t overlap much to make sure we covered as many ideas as possible.
Fred: After suffering through bloated and overly complex so-called “enterprise” frameworks, it felt refreshing to explore frameworks that let you get started with very little code and just “use what you need.”
What other frameworks did you wish you could have included?
Jack: I think the Play framework would have made a very nice contrast to Yesod, as it also leverages static typing with Scala and has a lot of features. I also wanted to sneak an Elixir-based framework in, but none were quite ready enough at the time since Elixir itself is still changing.
In another universe, we might have done the whole book on front-end frameworks, which are bringing a large number of interesting ideas of their own. There are some excellent and unique ClojureScript frameworks popping up, such as Webfui and Om, and on the other end of the spectrum, Meteor and Derby are doing interesting things for real-time and collaborative apps.
Have any interesting new frameworks appeared since you started writing the book?
Jack: My feed reader is full of saved articles about new frameworks, and more keep appearing every day. A few that I’m planning on exploring soon are Revel, which is written in Go, and Om, which is a ClojureScript framework built on top of core.async. Even though Elixir is a young language, web frameworks are pouring out, like Sugar and Dynamo, and I’ll be giving those a spin as well.
Fred: New frameworks keep appearing and it is hard to keep up! Two frameworks I would have liked to explore are total.js, and Pedestal, since Clojure is one of my favorite programming languages.
Jack Moffitt has spent a decade building things for the Web in a variety of languages and frameworks. He is a senior research engineer at Mozilla Research and works on the Servo project building an experimental new browser engine. He also helped create Ogg Vorbis and founded the Xiph.org Foundation, a non-profit which works on open, royalty free multimedia codecs.
Fred Daoud is a truly passionate web developer who loves trying out new frameworks. He is the author of two other web framework books: Stripes …and Java Web Development Is Fun Again and Getting Started With Apache Click. As a software engineer for Modernizing Medicine, he develops with Stripes, jQuery, YUI, and CanJS.
Published: January 2014